Guidelines For Authors

How to submit?

Authors are required to submit manuscripts either through journal’s Online Process or as an e-mail attachment to

Initial submission

Prepare the text in Microsoft Word format. Submit the manuscript by journal’s Online Process or sending us as an e-mail attachment to and include the following information:

  •  Contact information of the submitting author
  •  Information about the authors (affiliation, postal address, e-mail address)
  •  Subject To Be Publish Under
  •  Tables and graphics separately in jpg-format (high quality) or Microsoft Excel

Additionally, please stick to the formal requirements presented below; especially concerning word count, references, citation and graphics. Manuscripts disregarding the guidelines totally may be returned for revision prior to any reviewing activity.

Research Paper

These guidelines for research papers are flexible, especially for case studies. Manuscript is to be arranged in the following order:

  1. Title, author(s), and complete name(s) of institution(s)
  2. Contact no & valid Email address
  3. Abstract
  4. Keywords
  5. Subject to be publish under (Title Page)
  6. Introduction
  7. Materials and Methods
  8. Results (and discussion)
  9. Discussion
  10. References

To structure your manuscript, please try to restrict yourself to a maximum of three levels of headlines.

Title page:

The title page has to contain the title.  Please use a separate page for the title page.


Research articles must include an Abstract of 150 to 200 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. Abstract should not repeat the information which is already present in the title. References should be avoided.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 key words.


The Introduction presents the purpose of the study and relationship to previous work in the field. It is not required to incorporate an extensive review of the literature. Use only recent references and provide the most salient information to allow the readers to understand and evaluate the purpose and results of the present study.

Materials and Methods:

The Materials and Methods section should be brief and concise with sufficient technical information. Only new methods should be described in detail. Cite previously published procedures in References.


The Results section should include the rationale or design, optimization, validation of the experiments as well as the results of the research.


Discussion section should focus on the interpretation of the results with proper justification. The Results and Discussion sections may be combined into one section.

References and footnotes:

References to be included at the end of the research paper as per international standards (Please refer below for the standard format of referencing)

Citation in text:

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text contain only authors’ names and year of publication (Author, Year) [e.g. (Leker, 2001), (Bröring and Leker, 2006) or (Bröring et al., 2006) when three or more authors].

Full references have to be included at the end of the paper in alphabetical order using the following style:


Author. (Year). Title, Edition ed. Publisher, City. Cooper, R.G., Edgett, S.J. and Kleinschmidt, E.J. (2001): Portfolio Management for New Products, 2nd ed., Peruses Publishing, Cambridge.

Book chapters:

Author. (Year): Title, in: Book Title, (Ed.)^(Eds.), Publisher. City, pp. Pages.

Leker, J. (2001): Strategies: Grundlagen und Anwendung, in: Betriebswirtschaftslehre für Chemiker: Eine Praxisorientierte Einführung, Festel, G., Hassan, A., Leker, J., Bamelis, P. (ed.), Springer. Berlin, pp. 74-88.

Journal papers:

Author. (Year). Title. Journal, Volume, Pages.

Bröring, S., Leker, J. and Rümer, S. (2006). Radicalor Not-Assessing Innovation in Established Firms. International Journal of Product Development, 3, p. 152-166.

Online sources:

[name of author], [first letter of first name] ([year of publication]): [title], available at [address of website], accessed [date of last retrieval].

McGill, M. (2005): Biotechnology company goes public, available at com/biotech_comp_goes_publ.html, accessed 16 June 2008.

Journal names may be abbreviated according to Chemical Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.

Tables and figures:

Tables must have titles and sufficient empirical detail in a legend immediately following the title to be understandable without reference to the text. Each column in a table must have a heading, and abbreviations, when necessary, should be defined in the legend. Please number the tables.

Figures should have titles and explanatory legends containing sufficient detail to make the figure easily understood.

Appropriately sized numbers, letters, and symbols should be used. The abscissa and ordinate should be clearly labelled with appropriately sized type.

The word count for a review article is 1500–2000 words, with no limitation on the number of pages, tables, and images being used.

The maximum word count for a case report is 1200–1600 words. Having no limit on the number of pages, figures, and references.

While submitting clinical images, a maximum of 2 images needs to be used along with a word limit of 150 words.

Should specify the research study in focus and specify the author’s opinion using a maximum of 750 – 1000 words.

A special issue is a publication of all nature of write ups on a specific theme  with the length of each article limiting from 1200 to 5000 words.


The Editor might ask you to change the format of your files in order to publish it. If the manuscript does not fulfill the formal requirements, the paper might be denied publication. Errors in a published paper will be corrected in the Journal.


All kind of papers must be with suitable References and footnotes.